How to execute Stored Procedure in EF Core

July 20, 2016 by Anuraj

ef core Stored Procedure C# core

This post is on using stored procedure in EF Core. The support for stored procedure in EF Core is similar to the earlier versions of EF Code first. In this post I am using NorthWind database for demo purposes. I am using database first approach to generate model classes. First I have created three stored procedures. One will select all the rows in products table, another with a parameter and the third one is inserting the data to table. Here is the implementation.

CREATE PROCEDURE [usp_GetProductByName]
@ProductName VARCHAR(100)
SELECT * FROM Products
WHERE ProductName = @ProductName

CREATE PROC [usp_CreateShipper]
@CompanyName NVARCHAR(40), @Phone NVARCHAR(24)
INSERT INTO [Shippers]([CompanyName],[Phone]) 
VALUES(@CompanyName, @Phone)

CREATE PROCEDURE [usp_GetAllProducts]
SELECT  * FROM Products
WHERE ProductName = @ProductName
ORDER BY ProductName

You need to create yourDbContext class by inherting the DbContext class from EF. The stored procedures are executing using the DbContext. Here the DbContext class generated using EF migrations.

public partial class NorthWindDbContext : DbContext
    public NorthWindDbContext(DbContextOptions<NorthWindDbContext> options) 
		: base(options)
    public virtual DbSet<Categories> Categories { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<CustomerCustomerDemo> CustomerCustomerDemo { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<CustomerDemographics> CustomerDemographics { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<Customers> Customers { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<EmployeeTerritories> EmployeeTerritories { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<Employees> Employees { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<OrderDetails> OrderDetails { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<Orders> Orders { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<Products> Products { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<Region> Region { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<Shippers> Shippers { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<Suppliers> Suppliers { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<Territories> Territories { get; set; }

I am injecting the NorthWindDbContext in controller so that I can use it. And you can execute the “usp_GetAllProducts” procedure like this, which has no parameters, and return the Products entity.

private readonly NorthWindDbContext _northWindDbContext;
public ProductsController(NorthWindDbContext northWindDbContext)
    _northWindDbContext = northWindDbContext;

public async Task<IEnumerable<Products>> Get()
    return await _northWindDbContext.Products.FromSql("usp_GetAllProducts").ToArrayAsync();

And here is the screenshot of the procedure running on my system.

EF Core - Procedure execution

And for parameterized procedures you can use the FromSql() overload, which accepts object[] parameters, like this.

return await _northWindDbContext.Products.FromSql("usp_GetProductByName @p0", productName).FirstOrDefaultAsync();

One thing you might noticed the parameter name is “@p0”, it is because named parameters support not available in EF Core. FromSql method you can also used for raw SQL command as well. If you’re executing INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE queries, you can use the ExecuteSqlCommand, which is similar to FromSql, but returns only int, the affected rows.

await _northWindDbContext.Database.ExecuteSqlCommandAsync("usp_CreateShipper @p0, @p1", 
        parameters: new[] { "hello", "world" });

To get the FromSql command, you need to add the reference of “Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Relational” package in your project.json file.

Happy Programming :)

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